12 angry men theme essay

Bing! also offered here. The deliberation of the jury is based on the reasonable doubt, which forces them to question their moral values. Critical to the “not guilty” verdict is the capitulation of the 10th and 3rd jurors owing to their vociferous opposition. In the stage directions he notes how he is reeling from the pain of being “stabbed in the chest” which foreshadows his revenge agenda and his rigid, patriarchal view of parenting. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. This is one of the reasons we are strong. The play, ‘12 angry men’, written by Reginald Rose, is a drama involved around a jury and a homicide case. The 3rd juror, who says, “The man’s a dangerous killer” and the 10th, who remarks “You know what you’re dealing with” may be the most vociferous in their accusations of the boy’s guilt and it is this emphasis on guilt that threatens a fair trial. The 11th Juror clarifies “We have nothing to gain or lose by our verdict. 12 Angry Men Courage Analysis 1026 Words | 5 Pages. (435), 4.9 His characterization of the 3rd and 10th jurors displays the impact they may have on the democratic system, however the 8th and 9th and 11th jurors depicting integrity and impartial thought counter this. William Shakespeare introduces the story of Romeo and Juliet by using a prologue. It was in school when she saw her first play, an amateur performance of Shakespeare’s “Othello”. Using concepts developed by Rafter, was there a justice figure in “12 Angry Men”? Climate of prejudice; a fault that Rose implies was a pressing issue in trials conducted during the post-war era of McCarthy-style hysteria. The 9th Juror, whose experience derived from his age and experience is vital, asserts that no one has a “monopoly on the truth” as “coincidences are possible.” As such, the jurors are forced to question the reliability of the evidence such as the psychiatrist’s report which indicates that the defendant had “strong homicidal tendencies,” only to conclude that these tendencies don’t always manifest as action; likewise the threat “I’m going to kill you” which becomes a humiliating experience for the third juror. In order to overcome these innate limitations, Rose suggests that the emphasis on and adherence to the safeguards are essential assets to the deliberation process. Another shortcoming is the legal competence of the jurors, many of whom lack the aptitude to carry out their duties because they have a distorted or deficient understanding of their legal duties. (756), 4.8 Type: His probing casts doubt and his question to the jurors, “What if the facts are wrong”, also serves to whet the audience’s curiosity. Shelagh Delaney the writer of the play “A Taste of Honey” was born on November 25th 1939 in Salford, England. The nurse in ‘Romeo and Juliet’ should be played as a loud and outspoken character, with a harsh, grating voice, and a coarse but not malicious sense of humour. Thus, the fundamental mechanisms of the process are what makes the system “strong”. (quote from the 10th), Rose deliberately constructs a parallel story for the 3rd Juror, whose broken relationship with his son, influences his decision. The 10th Juror is then revealed to have been raised in a similar context. The fate of the young and “dangerous killer” appears predetermined from the beginning, as eleven of the jurors are already convinced of his guilt, and believe he “knifed his own father. In 12 Angry Men, courage is represented mostly by Juror 8, who stood alone in a supposed open-and-shut case and defended his ideas with evidence and reason. ” It is evident from this statement that he holds very little regard for human life and he is unable to see the truth objectively. A literary example of such behavior can be found in Twelve Angry Men, By Reginald Rose. Through his experience as a man defeated by life, he is able to sympathize with the witness’ motives, and understand that “a quiet, frightened, insignificant old man who has been nothing all his life” may have testified simply “to be recognized, to be listened to, to be quoted just once. Through the Foreman’s “Slattery” metaphor, Rose suggests that the democratic foundation of the system is not reliant on individuals, but rather endorses the collaboration of diverse voices and experiences they bring to the “scarred table”. The prologue informs the audience that the lovers are ‘star-cross’d’ and that their death ends the feud... “Willy Loman is in many ways foolish and objectionable, and yet he still commands our sympathy and even our respect.” How far do you share this view of Willy Loman? The game of the tic-tac toe also becomes a figurative manifestation of their indifference as is the “doodling”. ” This statement not only depicts a lack of intelligence, but a mind distorted by what he believes. The power of the process lies within its ability to expose their “personal prejudice” in a “locked room ”, where the men cannot escape scrutiny. Likewise, in Reginald Rose’s 1954 teleplay ‘Twelve Angry Men’, twelve jurors determine the fate of a boy accused of murdering his father, 5. He is the juror who most faithfully follows the  disembodied voice of the judge and his reminder that the jurors must deliberate “honestly and thoughtfully”and sift “fact” from “fancy”. Both texts have strongly opposing beliefs on the meaning of the justice; The novel To Kill a Mockingbird written by Harper Lee and film 12 Angry Men directed by Sidney Lumet, both touch on similar themes of justice and prejudice. Rose serves us with a timely reminder that we must accept our civic duties and remain self-aware and “watchful” for those who attempt to hinder the system in order witness what “makes us strong”. Rose characterises the 8th juror as a spokesperson for justice because he foregrounds the concept of reasonable doubt; Rose thereby suggests that this provdes the best safeguard of the legal system. The reminder that “he’s not your boy”, finally shames him  into concurring with the ‘not guilty’ verdict. Indeed, in an act of social harmony, the 8th Juror’s gesture of helping the 3rd Juror with his coat demonstrates the potential for fractured sides to find consensus in a society attempting to find her identity post war From the liberating ability of the process, Rose celebrates democracy as a powerful and enlightening asset and is accordingly the ultimate strength of the jury system. 8th juror: symbolism of democratic, social harmony. The 9th Juror is also used by Rose to help the reader ponder the importance of deeper rationale and impartial thought. (984). The didactic play presents a cross section, examining 1950's America during a period of immense suspicion and uncertainty. The audience are thus taken into the customary black box scenario and witness the difficulties faced by the twelve individuals when attempting to follow the judge’s instruction to “deliberate honestly and thoughtfully” as prejudice and experiences cloud their judgements. In this story, several jurors serving in a murder trial show how their own prejudices influence their decisions as they attempt to base their vote on their racist feelings towards the defendant. Hence, owing to preconceived biases, jurors are too quick to arrive at hasty conclusions and are less willing to accept the apparent doubt in the circumstantial evidence. He empathetically observes[2]  that the man’s need to be “quoted just once” provides motivation to lie. Revised Essay The film 12 Angry Men is trying to shed light on the errors and gaps in the criminal justice system. I’m tellin’ you they let the kids run wild up there. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. ** Based on ‘reasonable doubt’, a verdict of ‘not guilty’ is reached, which Rose suggests is the only correct verdict under these circumstances. Generally, influence is a result of conformity, when people begin to make change in their actions and heart, others follow suit to feel included. In fact, it's critical. The 10th juror flippantly states, “A kid kills his father. Afterwards, the 4th juror, one of the most logical and methodical jurors, (“Let’s stick to the facts.”) eventually votes ‘not guilty’ stating he now has a ‘reasonable doubt’. He is able to reflect on the facts presented objectively, allowing him to understand the personal incentive of the elderly witness’ potential perjury. When the family received the ten thousand dollars, the insurance money of Mama's husband, they all want, Writing Report Type: Ultimately, Rose reveals he is less concerned about the guilt or innocence of the accused but that a vote of ‘reasonable doubt’ is better than wrongly putting an innocent man to death and acts as a safeguard in the justice system. From the beginning, the 12th Juror, who believes that “the whole thing is unimportant”, is fixated on the “view”, the “impression” and the “drive” of the lawyers, a manifestation of his embodiment as post war materialism. Moreover, the 8th juror’s focus on ‘reasonable doubt’ leads to insightful questioning of the eye-witnesses; the old man could not have heard the boy yell over the sound of the elevated train or made it to his front door in time, and “the woman’s eyesight is in question.” As the 8th juror exposes the inconsistencies and false assumption associated with the evidence, Rose poses the importance of the idea that ‘reasonable doubt’ could save someone’s life. 1950s America saw the nation fall into a period of national tension and idealogical turmoil following the McCarthy Trials and the Cold War, which produced a flourish of works such as Regnald Rose’s ‘Twelve Angry Men. When she was... One of the major social issues facing people in the early 20th century was the build up to World War One. One of the final jurors to change their vote, he merely accedes to the majority without ever understanding the notion that he or the witnesses may be wrong. In this regard, the role of the 8th juror, who believes the boy deserves the courtesy of “talking” about the evidence before arriving at hasty assumptions, is critical to the exposure of injustices and prejudices .

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