/Metadata 229 0 R/ViewerPreferences 230 0 R>> Though a young man could make his preference for a wife known to his family, his parents may or may not have agreed to pursue his wishes. <> The "wedding ceremony" is something that did not develop for hundreds of years after Jesus rose from the dead. Hebrew is regarded as the spoken language of ancient Israel but is largely replaced by Aramaic in the Persian period. ©Copyright 2019, Society of Biblical Literature Also, the evidence suggests that compared to women, men had more control over whom they married. Ri}`%��qa-����?i� �P|�ű�W ��|�,uȳ�@́�nr!k��Ά�1S-b��|5��W�@B lLl��V)��9o�c6stJ�F�5`����� �xn��'N��I郖�V����}�hOK��dwN����'�C�.��䆳���n�z�K(Yhj뢉q��ԥ Jennifer Knust on the portrayal of prostitutes in the Hebrew Bible and New Testament. Before witnesses, the young man and woman would enter into a formal betrothal. During this celebration, the parents and friends blessed the couple and the father of the bride drew up a written marriage contract. Most likely, girls were married around puberty whereas men were somewhat older. 4.7 out of 5 stars 253. Biblical texts make clear that marriages between cousins were strongly preferred. The Falling Away: Spiritual Departure or Physical Rapture? $3.49. The wedding started with a procession of the groom and his companions to the bride’s home. Though a young man could make his preference for a wife known to his family, his parents may or may not have agreed to pursue his wishes. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> First, although girls were expected to be virgins when they got married—and according to Deut 22:21 could even be put to death if they were found not to be—men were allowed to marry multiple women. 2 0 obj What does Gen 2:24 have to tell us about God’s actions in creation as they impact upon marriage and the attraction between men and women? The present custom of lifting the bride and groom in chairs is rooted in this processional.” 4. As prescribed in the Old Testament, evidence of the bride’s virginity would then be given. Online: http://www.bibleodyssey.org/en/passages/related-articles/weddings-and-marriage-traditions-in-ancient-israel, Tracy M. Lemos M��&. Weddings and Marriage Traditions in Ancient Israel by Tracy M. Lemos Marriage in ancient Israel was very different from marriage today. stream [cited 4 Nov 2020]. Some length of time after the betrothal, wedding festivities, often involving days of feasting, would occur. Betrothal was a much firmer commitment than today’s engagement. The Chuppah, or canopy, was not only related to the bridal chamber, but was also “lifted” by poles like the ancient carriage. The relationship between husbands and wives was not equal in the ancient Near East, including Israel. ^���L��9� ���*5�� �A�T����㶐���G����ޢvP��#oT2�LuН��Ƥ�\��$J5YɋvL�P m�>�W%��ڗ��CX�xE)����D̃�t��������������p�'�9�A�{\�����v">���sg��x���k���6߆�0k4{�|�O�C?X���:��dT��Ն������sQ��>y�9��"�lpH y��R���*Rtޡ{�ʝ43Y7RK �YC�t|�]��/Jӵ���Tn�b�a��sn�M���9{�����S! The widowed, Moabite daughter-in-law of Naomi, Ruth saves herself and Naomi from starving and provides long-term security for them by marrying Boaz and producing a male heir. In conclusion, not all biblical texts are in agreement on every issue regarding marriage, suggesting that different Israelite communities and authors had diverse viewpoints on marriage and that Israelite viewpoints evolved over time. She is the author of Marriage Gifts and Social Change in Ancient Palestine: 1200 BCE to 200 CE (Cambridge University Press, 2010). While the bridegroom was preparing the wedding chamber, the bride was considered to be consecrated, set apart or “bought with a price”. Anthropologists call this gift “bridewealth.” It is found in many societies throughout the world and is not considered a sale by people in those cultures—Israelite wives were not thought of as slaves in biblical texts, though men sometimes did marry slave women. �Q�?� ��9�O��|@ '�    |    Privacy Policy Lev 18 prohibits incest but does not include uncle-niece marriages, which are prohibited in some later Jewish communities, including those responsible for writing the Dead Sea Scrolls. $9.99. In order to marry a girl, a man would give her father a gift (called mohar in Hebrew) that would seal the betrothal between the bride- and husband-to-be. In the ancient Near Eastern culture, this was most often initiated by the families of the bride and groom. %���� A collection of Jewish texts (biblical, apocryphal, and sectarian) from around the time of Christ that were preserved near the Dead Sea and rediscovered in the 20th century. ,1� �ծL�;;#o�5#ZV?����v���&�V-����=��J,h�]��Q VC��{�מRA�{�G5Y�ą5\� Ԩ����H�LBf\���� (���O�hA"�RV��F8�V�&H��U��:xXf Betrothal was what we would consider an “engagement” today. Tracy M. Lemos, "Weddings and Marriage Traditions in Ancient Israel", n.p. Although there is a great deal we do not know about Israelite marriage, the biblical texts that speak about it tell us that many Israelite marriage customs were unlike those of modern western societies. She has also published articles on shame, gender, and violence in the Journal of Biblical Literature and various edited volumes. The book was never intended to be a scholarly dissertation but rather a quick read that even youth could appreciate, so despite the fact that it was a long-term research project, it contains no end notes and few footnotes. Though unions were generally based more on economic or social considerations than romantic ones, some texts, including the Song of Songs, show us that ideas of passion and sexual love were also present in ancient Israel. Although there is a great deal we do not know about Israelite marriage, the biblical texts that speak about it tell us that many Israelite marriage customs were unlike those of modern western societies. Ancient Wedding Practice: A Waiting Bride Consecrated. x��\�n�8��wХ5���(iPxдiw�;��N���3N���:qj+�d�h�ryE�N��HmSy~�sH);�9{����7?����,;{�&�r|T%���ʌ����f���ѯ�ew�Gg�G��HFHvqs|DD�2?iW�u֔]Q5�ŭ����&��f��W�~�?>�8��߳��G�b�N�Ѣ�Er��2�E�N��3˧��\�_�|���l�1�Է� /������/�F����m�����z�W�9����]NH�EҶ-�6�H$y�y3�d�-�L�,F˽�"T0�0�p�[��*�6�� Sl�sZ�~�sRJ���UN�7��Π��H�(�����H�5V�-��~��1��U�ʯ�T��W,_,W0�LG����~�,��6�ŷ4DkJ�����ZӺhh��m>m'O9m��S>�weA��n#4�y�w����C�s�LޯA�����d�pL��p�l�]v�a*�����6C^.�v}N�d�]�%�P��?r�N���z�w�,���60��D�a5-x�����j^�(����.���19��!�!K)��s$�K`B�ݾ�"�d��ob�Dخ\uÁ���J��Ke�XQ�E5?T� p?C���I^ScO��,���y�Wb�vV���lV���>���\&��UIΉ ̠���Q� ����C��U�Qv�P�wS�������̼��Z���D�]�}&; �Uvvi���3� �u��u#uI9S5��s�z2�] SΦ�����Y>(�8��ͦȠ�ճ��Uv͊�9��r�K�8����@7`�jl��%2�Z8�&�]�i2�S� ɦb�Nt��8��$����%\TÊ�� �1��� �2�{ٺ�%����P��`��)�@!�?�I^�¹l��x�M� ���F�Gl/����X� �j[��M�%�.��[�7*�K˜���@H!�;�F�(�Y��m�������J� How Long Does It Take For A Scratch In Your Throat To Heal, Kashara Garrett Instagram, Yusuf Buhari Net Worth, Sarf Meaning In English, Goddess Neith Bees, Brook Stickleback For Sale, Lavash Vs Pita, Whirlpool Wtw5000dw Shaking, Shane Duffy Boyzone, Greek God Informative Essay, Trinidad Carnival 2022, The Analyzing Step Of The Portfolio Kanban System Has A New Epic With A Completed Lean Business Case, You Crazy Son Of A You Did It Gif, What Is The Halfway Point Between, Jay Thompson Age, Zog Dragon Crochet Pattern, Schooling Fish For Angelfish Tank, John Lasseter Death, Flank Steak Price Kroger, Gypsy Camper Names, " /> ancient galilean wedding traditions /Metadata 229 0 R/ViewerPreferences 230 0 R>> Though a young man could make his preference for a wife known to his family, his parents may or may not have agreed to pursue his wishes. <> The "wedding ceremony" is something that did not develop for hundreds of years after Jesus rose from the dead. Hebrew is regarded as the spoken language of ancient Israel but is largely replaced by Aramaic in the Persian period. ©Copyright 2019, Society of Biblical Literature Also, the evidence suggests that compared to women, men had more control over whom they married. Ri}`%��qa-����?i� �P|�ű�W ��|�,uȳ�@́�nr!k��Ά�1S-b��|5��W�@B lLl��V)��9o�c6stJ�F�5`����� �xn��'N��I郖�V����}�hOK��dwN����'�C�.��䆳���n�z�K(Yhj뢉q��ԥ Jennifer Knust on the portrayal of prostitutes in the Hebrew Bible and New Testament. Before witnesses, the young man and woman would enter into a formal betrothal. During this celebration, the parents and friends blessed the couple and the father of the bride drew up a written marriage contract. Most likely, girls were married around puberty whereas men were somewhat older. 4.7 out of 5 stars 253. Biblical texts make clear that marriages between cousins were strongly preferred. The Falling Away: Spiritual Departure or Physical Rapture? $3.49. The wedding started with a procession of the groom and his companions to the bride’s home. Though a young man could make his preference for a wife known to his family, his parents may or may not have agreed to pursue his wishes. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> First, although girls were expected to be virgins when they got married—and according to Deut 22:21 could even be put to death if they were found not to be—men were allowed to marry multiple women. 2 0 obj What does Gen 2:24 have to tell us about God’s actions in creation as they impact upon marriage and the attraction between men and women? The present custom of lifting the bride and groom in chairs is rooted in this processional.” 4. As prescribed in the Old Testament, evidence of the bride’s virginity would then be given. Online: http://www.bibleodyssey.org/en/passages/related-articles/weddings-and-marriage-traditions-in-ancient-israel, Tracy M. Lemos M��&. Weddings and Marriage Traditions in Ancient Israel by Tracy M. Lemos Marriage in ancient Israel was very different from marriage today. stream [cited 4 Nov 2020]. Some length of time after the betrothal, wedding festivities, often involving days of feasting, would occur. Betrothal was a much firmer commitment than today’s engagement. The Chuppah, or canopy, was not only related to the bridal chamber, but was also “lifted” by poles like the ancient carriage. The relationship between husbands and wives was not equal in the ancient Near East, including Israel. ^���L��9� ���*5�� �A�T����㶐���G����ޢvP��#oT2�LuН��Ƥ�\��$J5YɋvL�P m�>�W%��ڗ��CX�xE)����D̃�t��������������p�'�9�A�{\�����v">���sg��x���k���6߆�0k4{�|�O�C?X���:��dT��Ն������sQ��>y�9��"�lpH y��R���*Rtޡ{�ʝ43Y7RK �YC�t|�]��/Jӵ���Tn�b�a��sn�M���9{�����S! The widowed, Moabite daughter-in-law of Naomi, Ruth saves herself and Naomi from starving and provides long-term security for them by marrying Boaz and producing a male heir. In conclusion, not all biblical texts are in agreement on every issue regarding marriage, suggesting that different Israelite communities and authors had diverse viewpoints on marriage and that Israelite viewpoints evolved over time. She is the author of Marriage Gifts and Social Change in Ancient Palestine: 1200 BCE to 200 CE (Cambridge University Press, 2010). While the bridegroom was preparing the wedding chamber, the bride was considered to be consecrated, set apart or “bought with a price”. Anthropologists call this gift “bridewealth.” It is found in many societies throughout the world and is not considered a sale by people in those cultures—Israelite wives were not thought of as slaves in biblical texts, though men sometimes did marry slave women. �Q�?� ��9�O��|@ '�    |    Privacy Policy Lev 18 prohibits incest but does not include uncle-niece marriages, which are prohibited in some later Jewish communities, including those responsible for writing the Dead Sea Scrolls. $9.99. In order to marry a girl, a man would give her father a gift (called mohar in Hebrew) that would seal the betrothal between the bride- and husband-to-be. In the ancient Near Eastern culture, this was most often initiated by the families of the bride and groom. %���� A collection of Jewish texts (biblical, apocryphal, and sectarian) from around the time of Christ that were preserved near the Dead Sea and rediscovered in the 20th century. ,1� �ծL�;;#o�5#ZV?����v���&�V-����=��J,h�]��Q VC��{�מRA�{�G5Y�ą5\� Ԩ����H�LBf\���� (���O�hA"�RV��F8�V�&H��U��:xXf Betrothal was what we would consider an “engagement” today. Tracy M. Lemos, "Weddings and Marriage Traditions in Ancient Israel", n.p. Although there is a great deal we do not know about Israelite marriage, the biblical texts that speak about it tell us that many Israelite marriage customs were unlike those of modern western societies. She has also published articles on shame, gender, and violence in the Journal of Biblical Literature and various edited volumes. The book was never intended to be a scholarly dissertation but rather a quick read that even youth could appreciate, so despite the fact that it was a long-term research project, it contains no end notes and few footnotes. Though unions were generally based more on economic or social considerations than romantic ones, some texts, including the Song of Songs, show us that ideas of passion and sexual love were also present in ancient Israel. Although there is a great deal we do not know about Israelite marriage, the biblical texts that speak about it tell us that many Israelite marriage customs were unlike those of modern western societies. Ancient Wedding Practice: A Waiting Bride Consecrated. x��\�n�8��wХ5���(iPxдiw�;��N���3N���:qj+�d�h�ryE�N��HmSy~�sH);�9{����7?����,;{�&�r|T%���ʌ����f���ѯ�ew�Gg�G��HFHvqs|DD�2?iW�u֔]Q5�ŭ����&��f��W�~�?>�8��߳��G�b�N�Ѣ�Er��2�E�N��3˧��\�_�|���l�1�Է� /������/�F����m�����z�W�9����]NH�EҶ-�6�H$y�y3�d�-�L�,F˽�"T0�0�p�[��*�6�� Sl�sZ�~�sRJ���UN�7��Π��H�(�����H�5V�-��~��1��U�ʯ�T��W,_,W0�LG����~�,��6�ŷ4DkJ�����ZӺhh��m>m'O9m��S>�weA��n#4�y�w����C�s�LޯA�����d�pL��p�l�]v�a*�����6C^.�v}N�d�]�%�P��?r�N���z�w�,���60��D�a5-x�����j^�(����.���19��!�!K)��s$�K`B�ݾ�"�d��ob�Dخ\uÁ���J��Ke�XQ�E5?T� p?C���I^ScO��,���y�Wb�vV���lV���>���\&��UIΉ ̠���Q� ����C��U�Qv�P�wS�������̼��Z���D�]�}&; �Uvvi���3� �u��u#uI9S5��s�z2�] SΦ�����Y>(�8��ͦȠ�ճ��Uv͊�9��r�K�8����@7`�jl��%2�Z8�&�]�i2�S� ɦb�Nt��8��$����%\TÊ�� �1��� �2�{ٺ�%����P��`��)�@!�?�I^�¹l��x�M� ���F�Gl/����X� �j[��M�%�.��[�7*�K˜���@H!�;�F�(�Y��m�������J� How Long Does It Take For A Scratch In Your Throat To Heal, Kashara Garrett Instagram, Yusuf Buhari Net Worth, Sarf Meaning In English, Goddess Neith Bees, Brook Stickleback For Sale, Lavash Vs Pita, Whirlpool Wtw5000dw Shaking, Shane Duffy Boyzone, Greek God Informative Essay, Trinidad Carnival 2022, The Analyzing Step Of The Portfolio Kanban System Has A New Epic With A Completed Lean Business Case, You Crazy Son Of A You Did It Gif, What Is The Halfway Point Between, Jay Thompson Age, Zog Dragon Crochet Pattern, Schooling Fish For Angelfish Tank, John Lasseter Death, Flank Steak Price Kroger, Gypsy Camper Names, " />

ancient galilean wedding traditions

During this time she prepared herself for the marriage. The wedding was a special ceremony. This is especially true when the customs are so different from the traditions we observe. The first stage of the betrothal was finding a suitable spouse for the bride or bridegroom. The Day Approaching: An Israeli's Message of Warning and Hope for the Last Days Amir Tsarfati.    |    Terms of Use Kindle Edition. Ba‘al, one of the Hebrew words for “husband,” also meant “lord” or “master,” and men had life-and-death power over women in the case of adultery, which in ancient Israel involved a woman having sex outside of her marriage or a man having sex with another man’s wife. discovery for the Galilean wedding traditions, along with my bibliography.    |    Technical Support This division of marriage into two separate events originated in very ancient times when marriage was a purchase, both in its outward form and in its inner meaning. Y|�/�M:�G^�A������`�u�x%E�[���"�bY�X��M'w|r����۩�8�4)+ܫ@ۋNU3Yj�(+8�p�99�?+Ǯ�r����;.�6��̜[99"GG+/��(��iP5��e�΁��}�1�Mk�*1�lތI�r o�akN�Mj��)�i��/f_��;�H�&.�5� a�F��t�����D!�����H��U%jߨ.�Z��1����%r��2L&�x'C�⏾�ִj_NI��T�;��z��z����������Tu��n$�{�� �� ���t�h[�M�4Sx���U��_�G�?%�~PRgmU���[%6gp��@Ddb�j�ֵo B�&����=�,�Q%d�8�(���I�жp��;'�C�Ѻ�Uc�� �n�����S�K�6(w��@� Ђ+3�R���aDEmsG�&Q��l�6B:i}��Q:J���z� 3 0 obj Marriages with non-Israelites are treated differently by different texts. Still, when we read the impassioned romantic poetry of the Song of Songs, we realize that some things never change. CDC Recommends Kids 2 and Older Wear Cloth Face Masks, Ways to Keep Kids Busy While Stuck at Home, CDC Recommends Wearing Cloth Masks Outside, Social Distancing Helps Prevent Spread of Coronavirus. endobj Also, if one of the young people died, the other would be considered a “widow” or “widower”. Once a couple entered this stage of betrothal, it could only be broken by a formal divorce. The company would then escort the bride and her companions back to the groom’s home where there would be a special supper prepared. Tracy M. Lemos is associate professor of Hebrew Bible and ancient Near Eastern language and literature in the Faculty of Theology of Huron University College at Western University in London, Ontario. <>/Metadata 229 0 R/ViewerPreferences 230 0 R>> Though a young man could make his preference for a wife known to his family, his parents may or may not have agreed to pursue his wishes. <> The "wedding ceremony" is something that did not develop for hundreds of years after Jesus rose from the dead. Hebrew is regarded as the spoken language of ancient Israel but is largely replaced by Aramaic in the Persian period. ©Copyright 2019, Society of Biblical Literature Also, the evidence suggests that compared to women, men had more control over whom they married. Ri}`%��qa-����?i� �P|�ű�W ��|�,uȳ�@́�nr!k��Ά�1S-b��|5��W�@B lLl��V)��9o�c6stJ�F�5`����� �xn��'N��I郖�V����}�hOK��dwN����'�C�.��䆳���n�z�K(Yhj뢉q��ԥ Jennifer Knust on the portrayal of prostitutes in the Hebrew Bible and New Testament. Before witnesses, the young man and woman would enter into a formal betrothal. During this celebration, the parents and friends blessed the couple and the father of the bride drew up a written marriage contract. Most likely, girls were married around puberty whereas men were somewhat older. 4.7 out of 5 stars 253. Biblical texts make clear that marriages between cousins were strongly preferred. The Falling Away: Spiritual Departure or Physical Rapture? $3.49. The wedding started with a procession of the groom and his companions to the bride’s home. Though a young man could make his preference for a wife known to his family, his parents may or may not have agreed to pursue his wishes. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> First, although girls were expected to be virgins when they got married—and according to Deut 22:21 could even be put to death if they were found not to be—men were allowed to marry multiple women. 2 0 obj What does Gen 2:24 have to tell us about God’s actions in creation as they impact upon marriage and the attraction between men and women? The present custom of lifting the bride and groom in chairs is rooted in this processional.” 4. As prescribed in the Old Testament, evidence of the bride’s virginity would then be given. Online: http://www.bibleodyssey.org/en/passages/related-articles/weddings-and-marriage-traditions-in-ancient-israel, Tracy M. Lemos M��&. Weddings and Marriage Traditions in Ancient Israel by Tracy M. Lemos Marriage in ancient Israel was very different from marriage today. stream [cited 4 Nov 2020]. Some length of time after the betrothal, wedding festivities, often involving days of feasting, would occur. Betrothal was a much firmer commitment than today’s engagement. The Chuppah, or canopy, was not only related to the bridal chamber, but was also “lifted” by poles like the ancient carriage. The relationship between husbands and wives was not equal in the ancient Near East, including Israel. ^���L��9� ���*5�� �A�T����㶐���G����ޢvP��#oT2�LuН��Ƥ�\��$J5YɋvL�P m�>�W%��ڗ��CX�xE)����D̃�t��������������p�'�9�A�{\�����v">���sg��x���k���6߆�0k4{�|�O�C?X���:��dT��Ն������sQ��>y�9��"�lpH y��R���*Rtޡ{�ʝ43Y7RK �YC�t|�]��/Jӵ���Tn�b�a��sn�M���9{�����S! The widowed, Moabite daughter-in-law of Naomi, Ruth saves herself and Naomi from starving and provides long-term security for them by marrying Boaz and producing a male heir. In conclusion, not all biblical texts are in agreement on every issue regarding marriage, suggesting that different Israelite communities and authors had diverse viewpoints on marriage and that Israelite viewpoints evolved over time. She is the author of Marriage Gifts and Social Change in Ancient Palestine: 1200 BCE to 200 CE (Cambridge University Press, 2010). While the bridegroom was preparing the wedding chamber, the bride was considered to be consecrated, set apart or “bought with a price”. Anthropologists call this gift “bridewealth.” It is found in many societies throughout the world and is not considered a sale by people in those cultures—Israelite wives were not thought of as slaves in biblical texts, though men sometimes did marry slave women. �Q�?� ��9�O��|@ '�    |    Privacy Policy Lev 18 prohibits incest but does not include uncle-niece marriages, which are prohibited in some later Jewish communities, including those responsible for writing the Dead Sea Scrolls. $9.99. In order to marry a girl, a man would give her father a gift (called mohar in Hebrew) that would seal the betrothal between the bride- and husband-to-be. In the ancient Near Eastern culture, this was most often initiated by the families of the bride and groom. %���� A collection of Jewish texts (biblical, apocryphal, and sectarian) from around the time of Christ that were preserved near the Dead Sea and rediscovered in the 20th century. ,1� �ծL�;;#o�5#ZV?����v���&�V-����=��J,h�]��Q VC��{�מRA�{�G5Y�ą5\� Ԩ����H�LBf\���� (���O�hA"�RV��F8�V�&H��U��:xXf Betrothal was what we would consider an “engagement” today. Tracy M. Lemos, "Weddings and Marriage Traditions in Ancient Israel", n.p. Although there is a great deal we do not know about Israelite marriage, the biblical texts that speak about it tell us that many Israelite marriage customs were unlike those of modern western societies. She has also published articles on shame, gender, and violence in the Journal of Biblical Literature and various edited volumes. The book was never intended to be a scholarly dissertation but rather a quick read that even youth could appreciate, so despite the fact that it was a long-term research project, it contains no end notes and few footnotes. Though unions were generally based more on economic or social considerations than romantic ones, some texts, including the Song of Songs, show us that ideas of passion and sexual love were also present in ancient Israel. Although there is a great deal we do not know about Israelite marriage, the biblical texts that speak about it tell us that many Israelite marriage customs were unlike those of modern western societies. Ancient Wedding Practice: A Waiting Bride Consecrated. x��\�n�8��wХ5���(iPxдiw�;��N���3N���:qj+�d�h�ryE�N��HmSy~�sH);�9{����7?����,;{�&�r|T%���ʌ����f���ѯ�ew�Gg�G��HFHvqs|DD�2?iW�u֔]Q5�ŭ����&��f��W�~�?>�8��߳��G�b�N�Ѣ�Er��2�E�N��3˧��\�_�|���l�1�Է� /������/�F����m�����z�W�9����]NH�EҶ-�6�H$y�y3�d�-�L�,F˽�"T0�0�p�[��*�6�� Sl�sZ�~�sRJ���UN�7��Π��H�(�����H�5V�-��~��1��U�ʯ�T��W,_,W0�LG����~�,��6�ŷ4DkJ�����ZӺhh��m>m'O9m��S>�weA��n#4�y�w����C�s�LޯA�����d�pL��p�l�]v�a*�����6C^.�v}N�d�]�%�P��?r�N���z�w�,���60��D�a5-x�����j^�(����.���19��!�!K)��s$�K`B�ݾ�"�d��ob�Dخ\uÁ���J��Ke�XQ�E5?T� p?C���I^ScO��,���y�Wb�vV���lV���>���\&��UIΉ ̠���Q� ����C��U�Qv�P�wS�������̼��Z���D�]�}&; �Uvvi���3� �u��u#uI9S5��s�z2�] SΦ�����Y>(�8��ͦȠ�ճ��Uv͊�9��r�K�8����@7`�jl��%2�Z8�&�]�i2�S� ɦb�Nt��8��$����%\TÊ�� �1��� �2�{ٺ�%����P��`��)�@!�?�I^�¹l��x�M� ���F�Gl/����X� �j[��M�%�.��[�7*�K˜���@H!�;�F�(�Y��m�������J�

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