The simple one is that it is true. Pashtuns are the second largest ethnic group in Pakistan, forming 15% of the population, and are considered one of the five major ethno-linguistic groups of the nation. It might be just a wild theory, but it might have been used, like Yidish, so that Pashtuns won’t mix with other nations. For other uses, see, Ethnic group native to South and Central Asia, Theory of Pashtun descent from Israelites, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Cite error: The named reference "Ferishta" was defined multiple times with different content (see the, Cite error: The named reference "Indian Pathans" was defined multiple times with different content (see the, Cite error: The named reference "Vogelsang" was defined multiple times with different content (see the, harv error: no target: CITEREFWynbrandt (, p. 2 "Some Aspects of Ancient Indian Culture" By D. R. Bhandarkar, Life of the Amir Dost Mohammed Khan; of Kabul, Volume 1. A claim that is full of logical inconsistencies and historical incongruities, and stands in stark contrast to the conclusive evidence of the Indo-Iranian origin of Pashtuns supported by the incontrovertible DNA sequencing that the genome analysis revealed scientifically.".
In the 20th century, many politically active Pashtun leaders living under British rule of undivided India supported Indian independence, including Ashfaqulla Khan, Abdul Samad Khan Achakzai, Ajmal Khattak, Bacha Khan and his son Wali Khan (both members of the Khudai Khidmatgar), and were inspired by Mohandas Gandhi's non-violent method of resistance.  Others are Afghanistan-based Shamshad TV, Radio Television Afghanistan, and Lemar TV, which has a special children's show called Baghch-e-Simsim. In Weddings there’s a piece of fabric hanging above the marrying couple. Elphinstone, Mountstuart. I heard from some Pashtuns that Pathans are actually Pashtuns that mixed with other nations, so I was set to try to do a DNA test myself on friends of mine who are pure-blood Pashtuns. And I’m not a Rav myself, but I think there might be a consequence for Halacha here – if we meet a random Pashtun, we can’t ask him to do something that is forbidden on Shabbat, serve him anything not Kosher (from the non-Kosher stuff they do eat – some of the Kosher laws the Pashtuns do keep), etc, because as the Talmud said, in their land they are the majority. In this work he mentions Killa Yahoodi ("Fort of the Jews") (H.W. He proposes Ephthalite origin for Pashtuns. Ambassador to the United Nations Zalmay Khalilzad, and Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai among many others. The difficult lives of Afghan female refugees gained considerable notoriety with the iconic image Afghan Girl (Sharbat Gula) depicted on the June 1985 cover of National Geographic magazine. Fluency in Pashto is often the main determinant of group acceptance as to who is considered a Pashtun. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Her cause was picked up in the early 18th century by Zarghona Anaa, the mother of Ahmad Shah Durrani. It is true that the Pashtuns do not speak Hebrew, but I think it is highly probable that Pashto is the Yidish of Pashtuns. Sir Henry Yule (1902 Encyclopædia Britannica, article on Afghanistan) references the tradition: Thomas Ledlie wrote in an article in the Calcutta Review in 1989 that "the Afghans [...] claim themselves to be of Bani Israel."
National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error.  This was followed by the conquests of Ahmad Shah Durrani who was a former high-ranking military commander under Nader Shah. 2018 Jul;29(5):714-726. doi: 10.1080/24701394.2017.1350951. The configuration of genetic variation and heterogeneity further unveiled through Multidimensional Scaling, Principal Component Analysis and phylogenetic analysis. There have been many legends over the centuries of descent from the Ten Lost Tribes after groups converted to Christianity and Islam. Although the Pashtuns nowadays constitute a clear ethnic group with their own language and culture, there is no evidence whatsoever that all modern Pashtuns share the same ethnic origin.
"It's the Mosaic Law in its most primitive form that these people in Afghanistan and Pakistan are keeping to this day.".  The Pashtuns remain a predominantly tribal people, but the trend of urbanisation has begun to alter Pashtun society as cities such as Kandahar, Peshawar, Quetta and Kabul have grown rapidly due to the influx of rural Pashtuns.
Although his ethnicity is disputed by some, he is widely accepted in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region as well as in the Arab world, as a Pashtun from the Kunar Province of Afghanistan. She used the Pashtunwali law to unite the Pashtun tribes against their Persian enemies. The religious and cultural definition requires Pashtuns to be Muslim and adhere to Pashtunwali codes. Malala Yousafzai, who became the youngest Nobel Peace Prize recipient in 2014, is a Pakistani Pashtun. And some say that until not so long ago, one of the names of the Amu Darya (River Oxus) was Gozan, which is mentioned as one of the placed the damn Assyrians exiled the people of Israel to. Pashtuns not only played an important role in South Asia but also in Central Asia and the Middle East. Sylvester C, Krishna MS, Rao JS, Chandrasekar A. Genetica. © 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. But, and this is a huge but, some studies (especially in the maternal case) show something completely different. QIAamp DNA Blood Mini Kit was used for DNA extraction from the blood (Qiagen).
A rigorous exercise, Attan is performed as musicians play various native instruments including the dhol (drums), tablas (percussions), rubab (a bowed string instrument), and toola (wooden flute). These books deal with the early history of the Pashtuns, their origin and wanderings in general. , The majority of Pashtuns use Pashto as their native tongue, believed to belong to the Indo-Iranian language family, and is spoken by up to 60 million people. But it's not just a theory. Amir Kror Suri, son of Amir Polad Suri, was an 8th-century folk hero and king from the Ghor region in Afghanistan. Football (soccer) is also one of the most popular sports among Pashtuns. And also according to the same 2012 study: "MDS and Barrier analysis have identified a significant affinity between Pashtun, Tajik, North Indian, and Western Indian populations, creating an Afghan-Indian population structure that excludes the Hazaras, Uzbeks, and the South Indian Dravidian speakers. Do the Pashtuns, or Pathans — mostly living in an Islamic world — really have ancient Israelite roots as they claim? Indra", "Herodotus, The Histories, Book 3, chapter 102, section 1", "The History of Herodotus Chapter 7, Written 440 B.C.E, Translated by George Rawlinson", "The History of Herodotus Chapter 3, Verse 91; Written 440 B.C.E, Translated by G. C. Macaulay", "Herodotus, The Histories, Book 3, chapter 91, section 4", "Bactrian Documents from Northern Afghanistan. Rashi simply said that they talked about the generation that was exiled, but even Rabb Akiva admits that their descendants surely have a part in the next world. They have well preserved genealogies to establish the genetic connection.
The Afghan monarchy ended when President Daoud Khan seized control of Afghanistan from his cousin Zahir Shah in 1973, which opened doors for a proxy war by neighbors and the rise of Marxism. Another reason is that I can’t find a good reason why at some generation A they’d stop mixing after they mixed before that. Once you map it out, people can meet each other, share messages, photos, videos, and exchange information," says the rabbi. Afghan historians believe that most Pashtuns are descendants of Qais Abdur Rashid, who is purported to have been an early convert to Islam and thus bequeathed the faith to the early Pashtun population. Pashtun identity is traced patrilineally, so your mother can be non-Pashtun, and your paternal grandmother can be non-Pashtun, but you will still be considered a Pashtun, as long as your paternal grandfather was a Pashtun (which means he should have had a Pashtun paternal grandfather), and as long as you follow Pashtunwali (which is irrelevant when dealing with contemporary situations, since few if any urban Pashtuns still observe Pashtunwali, … In Afghanistan, following recent elections, the proportion of female political representatives is one of the highest in the world. and "Who are the Afghans?" KARACHI. These native people compose the core of ethnic Pashtuns who are found in southeastern Afghanistan and western Pakistan.
, Herodutus in 430 BCE mentions in the Histories:. Some Pashtuns also have Jewish artifacts. Docherty, Paddy. ", George Moore published his work The Lost Tribes in 1861. "I've friends from the Mahmudzai tribe of Pashtuns.
Thus it is clear that for this reason the people of the country call their home in their own language Afghánistán, and themselves Afgháns. That is unlikely with the Pashtuns. "We don't necessarily have the DNA mapped out on the ancient people of Israel, like Abraham, King David, or Jacob.  According to several scholars such as V. Minorsky, the name "Afghan" is documented several times in the 982 CE Hudud-al-Alam. Jews in Europe spoke 3 languages – Hebrew, the language of their country (French in France, German in Germany etc) and Yidish. Some notable poets include Khushal Khan Khattak, Afzal Khan Khattak, Ajmal Khattak, Pareshan Khattak, Rahman Baba, Nazo Anaa, Hamza Shinwari, Ahmad Shah Durrani, Timur Shah Durrani, Shuja Shah Durrani, Ghulam Muhammad Tarzi, and Ghani Khan.. (p. 176), In the 2000s, the "lost tribes" hypothesis was popularized by Shalva Weil, an anthropologist at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, In recent times, people of the Western world have explored the area as well. Some Pashtun women grow side brows (called Kamsai in Pashto). "Research shows a relationship between Pashtun and Jewish (Ashkenazi, Sephardic, Mizrahi) DNA and also that Pashtun DNA is 2nd closest (68.1) to Ashkenazi DNA after Iranian and Iraqi Jews (67.9). That person had such strong arguments that he managed to convince people they are something they are not. Pashtunwali (Pashto: پښتونولي) refers to an ancient self-governing tribal system that regulates nearly all aspects of Pashtun life ranging from community to personal level. ". They hold mountains and defiles and possess considerable strength, and are mostly highwaymen. Metropolitan centres within this area include Jalalabad, Quetta, Kandahar, Mardan, Mingora and Peshawar.
, "It would be unfavourable to the people of Chola, the Afghans (Avagāṇa), the white Huns and the Chinese.”, Xuanzang, a Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, visiting the Afghanistan region several times between 630 and 644 CE also speaks about them. Karachi is home to the largest community of Pashtuns outside of the native homeland (with estimates of around 7 million).
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