In Portugal, the ecoregion is known as the “matagal” or “mato.” In Israel, the Matorral is known as the “Batha,” while in Greece, it is known as the “Phrygana.” While shrublands are the main components of the Matorral, in some areas the ecoregion is interspersed by grassland and forests. Shrubs are short woody plants which have an extensive network of branches and do not surpass 8 meters in height. While the fynbos covers about 6% of southern Africa’s land area, it is home to more than 50% of southern Africa’s species. The fynbos biome forms part of a large bioregion known as the Cape floral kingdom and makes up about 50% of the floral kingdom’s area. Shrublands are usually located between 30 and 40 degrees North and South latitude, in places such as southern California, Chile, Mexico, and southwest Africa and Australia. Northern coastal scrub and coastal sage scrub occur along the California coast, strandveld in the Western Cape of South Africa, coastal matorral in central Chile, and sand-heath and kwongan in Southwest Australia.. The Carnavon Xeric Scrub of western Australia is a regional center of endemism for a range of taxa.Unusual desert communities dominated by giant columnar cacti occur in the Sonoran and Baja deserts of North America, while the spiny deserts and shrublands of southwestern Madagascar are globally unique in terms of structure and taxa (although some Baja California communities are partially convergent in structure).The Atacama Desert ecoregion of western South America (as well as the adjacent transition area of the Monte / Puna / Yungas) and the Horn of Africa deserts were recognized as some of the more outstanding regional centers of richness and endemism. However, some ecologists state that the chaparral is part of the California Floristic Province, which also encompasses other surrounding ecoregions. It may be the mature vegetation type in a particular region and remain stable over time, or a transitional community that occurs temporarily as the result of a disturbance, such as fire. Animal biodiversity is equally well adapted and quite diverse.The Namib-Karoo deserts of southwestern Africa support the world’s richest desert floras, while the Chihuahuan Desert and central Mexican deserts are a close second and are the richest Neotropical deserts. Luizi Crater, Democratic Republic of the Congo, NASA Goddard Space Shrublands usually get more rain than deserts and grasslands but less than forested areas. These include the maquis and garrigues of Mediterranean climates, and the acid-loving dwarf shrubs of heathland and moorland. The grass found in the fynbos has an exceptional degree of endemism. These shrublands are unique in that they exist within coastal areas, where they are exposed to high levels of s… Some vegetation types are formed of dwarf-shrubs: low-growing or creeping shrubs. The chaparral encompasses a 121,000-square kilometer area which covers the states of California (United States) and Baja California (Mexico). Flight Center. View our inclusive approach to conservation, Southern Africa: Southern Namibia into South Africa, Arabian Peninsula: Yemen and Saudi Arabia, Arabian Peninsula: Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and Oman, Islands east of the Horn of Africa and south of Yemen, Southern Africa: Islands about half-way between southern Madagascar and southern Mozambique, Arabian Peninsula: Oman and United Arab Emirates, Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands, North central Africa: Eastern Chad and small area of western Sudan, Western Asia: Oman, Yemen, and Saudi Arabia, Southern Asia: Western India into Pakistan, Southern Asia: Eastern India and western Pakistan, Southern Asia: Southern India into the island of Sri Lanka, Southern North America: Southern United States into northeastern Mexico, Southern North America: Northeastern Mexico, Southern North America: Southwestern United States into northwestern Mexico, Southern North America: Baja California Peninsula in western Mexico, Southern North America: Northern Mexico into southwestern United States, Southern North America: Baja California Peninsula in Mexico, California montane chaparral and woodlands, California interior chaparral and woodlands, Western North America: Southwestern United States into northwestern Mexico, Islands in the Atlantic Ocean about halfway between South America and Africa, Southern North America: Southern Baja California in western Mexico, Northern South America: Northernwestern Venezuela, South America: Island off the coast of Colombia in the Pacific Ocean, Islands of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean, Northern South America: North-central and coastal Venezuela, Northern South America: Northern Colombia and northwest Venezuela, Galápagos Islands, off the coast of Ecuador, Northern South America: Northeastern Brazil, Western South America: Northwestern Chile, Caribbean Islands off the coast of Venezuela, Northern South America: Northern Venezuela, Northern Africa: Southeastern Algeria, northern Niger, Mali, and Mauritania, Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands, Africa--Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Southern Iran, eastern Iraq, and western Pakistan, Southern Asia: Southern Afghanistan into Pakistan and Iran, Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert, Western Asia: Northern Iraq into Syria and Jordan, Central Asia: Western Mongolia into southern Russia, Southwestern Asia: Central and eastern Iran into western Afghanistan, Central Asia: Central Turkmenistan stretching into Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, Central Asia: Southern Kazakhstan into Uzbekistan, Southern central Asia: Southeastern Afganistan, Western Asia: Along the coast of the Caspian Sea in Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Iran, Indian subcontinent--Pakistan, Afghanistan, Central Asia: Northern Afghanistan, southern Turkmenistan, southern Uzbekistan, extending into Iran and Tajikistan, Southwestern Asia: Azerbaijan, into Georgia and Iran, Southwestern Asia: Most of Saudi Arabia, extending into Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, and Syria, Southern Europe: Portions of the southern Italian mainland and parts of the islands of Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily. The savanna biome, which is a type of grassland biome, consists of areas of open grassland with very few trees.There are two kinds of savannas: tropical and semi-tropical savannas. Aromatic herbs (sage, rosemary, thyme, oregano), shrubs, acacia, chamise, grasses, West coastal regions between 30° and 40° North and South latitude. In the areas with little rainfall, plants have adapted to drought-like conditions. For animals, they must flee their homes to avoid fire, but for plants, some have a special fire-resistant qualities.
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