He and a friend had been jumping from the cliff into the water.
They don't know the area, and they don't understand the precautions you need to take around open water swimming.
Rarer species to be found in the grikes include baneberry and downy currant. Two eight-year-old girls, Charlea Fox and Jasmine Neville, drowned while playing a 'Baywatch' game while the 41-year-old woman looking after them smoked cannabis and drank with two men. , Upper Wharfedale has been traditionally associated with farming, but there has been a change in the numbers and types of employment. In 1997, the deaths of two children in the Wharfe at Sandy Beaches, near Arthington, ended in a court case. By the early 19th century there was a demand for food from the growing industrial towns and farmers and many farms began to produce milk from the lower lands and use the higher fells for sheep. Lower down the valley, species including alpine cinquefoil, lily-of-the-valley, mountain melick and herb paris, blue sesleria, common valerian and wild angelica.  After AD 620 the Ancient Britons were joined by Angles and increased the amount of forest clearing to establish fields for crops and animals. In 1992, the town of Grassington was used as a filming location for Wuthering Heights. Its main features are the Great Scar Limestone which forms a base to the overlying Yoredale Beds, a 300-metre deep strata of hard limestones, sandstones and shale. The emergency services are now expecting an influx of more first-time visitors over the remaining summer weekends, as they believe many previously 'undiscovered' places in the Dales are now much more widely known among city-dwelling families. Later forms of the name were probably influenced by the Old Norse hwerfi, meaning "bend". These deposits were extracted and now form the basis of the Otley Wetland Reserve, and Ben Rhydding and Knotford Nook gravel pits. "During lockdown, we've had a lot of visitors from much further afield who had never been into the countryside before. The river winds south and south-east towards Ilkley where it heads east through Otley and Collingham.
The stretch of river appears calm but has hollows scoured out of the bank and tight bends. In 1155, Alice de Romilly donated land for the establishment of Bolton Priory and land at Kilnsey to Fountains Abbey.  The river is also home to a colony of fine-lined pea mussels.  It is especially dangerous as both banks are undercut, and it has been the scene of a number of fatalities including those of a honeymooning couple in 1998. In 2010, eight-year-old Aaron Page, from Pontefract, drowned after he slipped from a rock. The falls can be accessed from the town via Sedber Lane.
Their disappearance was sudden, and few people spotted them struggling. To the south-east of the area is the Millstone Grit laid down in the Upper Carboniferous period, and covered by heather moorland, hard crags and tors. Due to the impermeable nature of the rock, blanket bogs and mires form, and drier areas have wet and dry heaths and acid grasslands.. We don't want scores of people jumping into deep water and suddenly having three casualties rather than one. Yet the death of an 18-year-old man from Bradford who drowned at Linton Falls last Friday - the hottest day of the year - is a stark reminder that the benign-looking Wharfe has claimed many lives. Because it's only 6ft across, many people are tempted to leap across the banks at the Strid - a decision that can prove fatal if they slip or fall. In 2016, Daniel Kirk-Hall recounted the story of how he saved two children from drowning in the Wharfe while on a day out with his family at the Ilkley pebble beaches. Locally the Strid has a reputation for dragging people down to their deaths, and there is at least one well-documented incident to back this up. We are trying to get the message out. , Iron Age fields and hut circles can still be seen in outline on the hills above Grassington and Kettlewell.
"It's not like jumping into a swimming pool.". A witness further downstream, Mr Desmond Thomas, raised the alarm when he saw a jacket and what looked like a man’s body flow past him. , The Strid (Grid Reference: SE064565) is a series of waterfalls and rapids associated with a deep underwater channel caused by the dramatic narrowing of the River Wharfe from approximately 30 yd (27 m) wide, just to the north of the start of the Strid, to the width of a long stride less than 100 yards (91 metres) later. Misleading depths, hidden drops and deceptively strong currents all combine to make certain stretches of the river treacherous to swimmers - many of whom are only children. Coarse sandstones in the area are known as Addingham Edge and Bramhope Grits. The limestone pavements of the area are a habitat for several species usually confined to woodlands, such as dog's mercury, wood anemone and ramsons. These have been slightly tilted, toward the east. Walk further down the bank to a shallower area and keep your eye on it.". At its narrowest point the Strid is only about two metres wide, and foolhardy visitors have been known to try to jump across the roaring chasm. Blue moor-grass can also be found, with sheep's-fescue and herbs such as thyme, salad burnet and common rock-rose. The River Wharfe runs through the little northern village of Bolton Abbey. The local British tribe of Brigantes were subdued by the Romans in AD 74. "The Wharfe is very wide in places and if you get stuck out in the middle, you are in trouble.". "We were really worried about a drowning happening, and I can see it happening again. , In medieval times low intensity methods were used to produce both crops and livestock but the great monasteries of Fountains, Rievaulx and Bolton Priory had large sheep flocks and sold their wool on the European market. Please take notice of the advice signs in this area and stay well back from the edge. We have also had issues with littering and parking, and the general Countryside Code - things like knowing you need to close the gates and take your litter home with you because there aren't many bins here.". At one point the River Wharfe swells to a width of 9 m (30 feet) but by the time it reaches the Strid just 90 m later the river is narrow enough to jump across.
The success of the monasteries was also responsible for the growth of the market towns of Grassington and Kettlewell.  During Anglo-Saxon times, large estates were established and the River Wharfe and its valley came under the protection of Earl Edwin of Bolton-in-Craven. , Weathering of the Yoredale Beds has produced a stepped profile to the valley sides, consisting of a shelf of limestone, sometimes grassy but often displaying such karst features as limestone pavement, gorges and sinkholes. In 2009, Guiseley teenager Joel Scott, 19, died after falling from Loop Scar, a 30ft rock beside the river in Burnsall. From Bolton Abbey a pleasant riverside walk leads upstream through woods to the Strid, a notorious stretch of water where the River Wharfe is forced into a deep and narrow channel.
One day in 1963, eight-year-old twins Andrew and Stewart Nicholson drowned in the Wharfe while their parents sunbathed nearby. , Ferns found here include wall rue, maidenhair spleenwort, brittle bladder-fern, Hart's-tongue and hard shield-fern. The 1991 census had shown 13% of homes in the Craven district were classified as second properties. "The Wharfe is a big, fast-flowing river and it's unpredictable. After the Norman invasion, the lands were given to Robert Romilly. More than 230 species of bird have been observed along the river valley including eagle-owl, red grouse, stonechat, whinchat, golden plover, pied flycatcher, redstart, wood warbler, common sandpiper, grey wagtail, dipper, tawny owl, sparrowhawk, greater spotted woodpecker, nuthatch, treecreeper and, in wetter places, snipe and woodcock, chiffchaff, willow warbler, garden warbler, and twite. Ferns in the moist grikes include rigid buckler-fern.
For much of its length it is the county boundary between West Yorkshire and North Yorkshire. However, at the end of the 17th century there was still small-scale arable production.
The river source is the confluence of Oughtershaw Beck and Green Field Beck in Langstrothdale near Beckermonds. Another of the most dangerous stretches is the Strid, near Bolton Abbey, which has a shocking fatality rate. There is not much you can do if your body goes into shock.
The water is also extremely cold, and its temperature rarely rises any higher during summer than it does in the winter. Mr Thomas said: The level, speed and turbulence of the water looked like flood water. More rare is dark red helleborine. Vikings then settled the area in the 10th century, lending their language to some of the names of hamlets and landscape features of Upper Wharfedale, especially near the head of the valley. Near Conistone are the gentle waterfalls of Scar Lash. It has been creating a bit of ill feeling locally; we need people to visit, but we also need them to behave in the right way.". Daniel swum out to them, and found that their father was also struggling in the water while trying to rescue them. There is wild thyme, common milkwort, fairy flax, bird's-foot trefoil, autumn gentian, harebell, eyebright. Other outdoor activities take place such as rock climbing, most notably at Kilnsey Crag, kayaking and canoeing. The heaps of mining waste remain, contaminated with lead, and on which little will grow. The Otley Shell Beds become exposed at Otley Chevin. The few plants that will are known as 'lead plants' such as spring sandwort and alpine penny-cress. If you see someone struggling in the water, PSO Osborn recommends shouting at them to remain calm, and using rope or a branch to try and reach them - there are no throwlines or lifebelts along the river. "Never jump in after your dog - it'll be a better swimmer than you and it won't listen if you try and calm it down. In 1998 a young couple, Barry and Lynn Collett, on the second day of their honeymoon went for a romantic walk down by the Strid… never to be seen alive again. The ledges also support woodrush, polypody and water avens, purple saxifrage, yellow saxifrage, hoary whitlowgrass and roseroot.
 The 2001 census showed that the figure for Upper Wharfedale was 15%, but it had dropped to only 7% by 2011.
"With rivers like the Wharfe, you can't always see the bottom, and there are undercurrents - you're jumping into the unknown. Swimming in the Strid has a 100 percent mortality rate. In the 1930s, it became a popular holiday destination, and a caravan park was built on one of the natural beaches, called Kearby Sands. The Strid (Grid Reference: SE064565) is a series of waterfalls and rapids associated with a deep underwater channel caused by the dramatic narrowing of the River Wharfe from approximately 30 ft (9 m) wide just to the north of the start of the Strid, to the width of a …
"Don't jump in after them, unless it's a child in a part where you can touch the bottom. This was later corrupted to Strid, referring to 'the possibility of striding across.'.
It seems the lesson to be learned here is: beware the Strid. They had fallen into an underwater trench called Netherby Deep, a 30ft drop onto a sandbank with strong currents and whirlpools.
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